Arthur Denny, founder of Seattle, proposed woman suffrage in the first legislative meeting in Olympia in 1854. He lost on an eight to nine vote. The Washington Territory Woman Suffrage Association was formed in 1871 in Olympia. The territorial legislature gave women the vote in 1883. Women lost their vote in 1887 when the Territorial Supreme Court ruled that Congress did not intend to give territories the power to enfranchise women.
Women were unable to vote for delegates to the State Constitutional Convention in 1889. Woman suffrage was submitted to the voters as a separate amendment to ratification of the constitution. It failed again in an 1897 vote.
In 1895 the first convention of Washington State's Equal Suffrage Association was held. Washington Territory was known for its suffragists. With differing styles, the persistent Emma Smith DeVoe and the direct and indomitable May Arkwright Hutton worked for the common cause of women's suffrage in Washington State. By 1907, the Washington Equal Suffrage Association had several thousand members, and in November of 1910 the amendment to the state constitution allowing women to vote carried by nearly two to one. This made Washington the fifth state to give women the right to vote - nine years before the 19th Amendment to the US. Constitution extended the vote to all the nation's women.
The League of Women Voters of the United States was first projected at the Jubilee Convention of the National American Women Suffrage Association in 1919. The League of Women Voters of Washington was organized the next year. Seattle and Tacoma were the first two local Leagues in the state. In the early days the League of Women Voters of Washington supported state legislation pertaining to protection of children in fields of labor, health and education. At the present time there are twenty-one local Leagues around the state.
Your Vote Tabloid
A collaboration between LWVWA and the Spokesman-Review, this tabloid includes a history of the US suffrage movement and useful information on how government in general and the electoral process in particular works in Washington State. Available as an interactive website and as a downloadable PDF.
Op-Ed: "This Women's Equality Day, stop romanticizing the 19th Amendment" by LWV-US CEO Virginia Kase in The Hill, 8/26/2019
A thoughtful meditation on the early fight for women's suffrage, and how that fight frequently prioritized white women's rights over the rights of people of color. She ends this essay with a call to use these lessons of the past to ground our work going forward in a more intersectional approach: "So, as we celebrate this great achievement, we do so with recognition that women’s suffrage was not perfect. Progress towards a more perfect democracy is often messy, but we can’t allow the ends to justify the means, especially if perpetuates oppression. Let us use the lessons of our history to inform our present and our future. Let us seek out ways to ensure all eligible voters have their voices heard and their votes counted."
An annotated timeline prepared by Laura Edmonston, Deputy Law Librarian for the Washington State Supreme Court.
A new, interactive historical timeline highlighting the League’s achievements over our 100-year history.
Resource page pulled together by LWV-BC. Includes readings and videos on the history of suffrage in the U.S.